おもちゃ映画ミュージアム
おもちゃ映画ミュージアム
Toy Film Museum

Access / アクセスマップ

住所
〒604‐8805
京都府京都市中京区壬生馬場町29-1
最寄り駅
JR・地下鉄二条駅下車。千本三条から四条大宮に至る斜めの「後院(こういん)通」の東側に沿って南下してください。道路沿いに小さな看板が出ています。ミュージアムは、その看板がある狭い路地を東へ進んで直ぐです。駅から徒歩約8分。
阪急「大宮」駅東改札口出口1番から地上へ。セブンイレブン前の「後院通」沿いに北上してください。徒歩約7分。嵐電「四条大宮」駅からも同様です。
最寄りのバス停は、「みぶ操車場前」です。
大きい地図で見る

設立趣旨書

長年にわたる映画研究や映画祭活動、玩具映画復元プロジェクトの活動を進める過程で、光学玩具、玩具映写機にも関心が及ぶようになりました。映像に関わるこれら多くの機材や無声映画フィルムはただ蒐集するだけではなく、これらを活かして、より多くの人たちに映画の歴史と楽しさを味わってもらいたいという思いが日々高じてきました。そこで、このたび仲間の協力を得て「京都映画芸術文化研究所」を設立し、5月18日「おもちゃ映画ミュージアム」を開館することに至りました。

リュミエール兄弟によって発明された「シネマトグラフ(映画)」は、産業革命の所産として、3つの要因によって成立したと言われています。現実を科学的に記録する写真の歴史、残像現象を利用した動画装置である光学玩具やアニメーションの歴史、そして画像を拡大して多くの人達に見せるマジック・ランタン(幻灯機)の歴史です。「おもちゃ映画ミュージアム」では、これらをプレシネマ(映画前史)と位置付け、光学玩具、写真、マジック・ランタンなど歴史に関する展示と、映画の初期(20世紀初頭)に一般家庭で動く映画を楽しんだ手回しの玩具映写機とその映像を中心に展示します。

スマートフォン、デジタルカメラなど、デジタル機器が急速に普及し、誰でも簡単に撮影ができる時代になりました。映画製作の現場でもデジタル撮影が主流になり、フィルム上映する映画館も少なくなっています。急速に姿を消しつつあるフィルムですが、ここでは、デジタル時代だからこそ、映画120年を牽引してきたフィルム(アナログ)にウエイトを置きます。ブラックボックス化したデジタルでは分からない映画やアニメの原理を手で触れて理解できます。子どもたちには、実際にフィルムや映写機を使って、「なぜ映画が動いて見えるのか、撮影機や映写機の中は、どのような構造になっているのか」その原理や働きを理解してもらい、大人の人たちには、昔懐かしいブリキのおもちゃ映写機を楽しんでいただければと思っています。

当研究所では、会員各位の活動や研究発表の場を提供し、それらを共有することで、映画芸術や映像文化の向上を図ります。特に若手映画人への技術伝承や人材育成、海外の映画祭との交流と情報交換を進め、彼らが世界で活躍できるよう支援することも重要な仕事と考えています。

映画のまち京都ならではのロケ地や映画関連史跡の調査研究と観光を促す事業、出版物や教材などコンテンツの企画製作・販売事業、映像作品などの委託販売や斡旋事業など、当研究所の目的を達成し維持するために必要な運営事業も行います。京都映画の精神や技術の継承を目的に、映画に携わった人々への聞き書きと記録映像も急がねばならない事業の一つです。

映画とアニメの町京都だからこそ、映画の作り手、受け手を問わず、「映画をこよなく愛する人々」が集い、情報交換できる「語り場」「交流の場」「ワークショップの場」にしたいです。当研究所が健全に育つよう、皆様のご支援とご参加を心よりお願い申し上げます。

代表 太田米男

The Toy Film Museum

This museum is dedicated to pre-cinema history and toy film projectors. We opened this museum on “International Museum Day” with the hope that it will further the preservation of film heritage and the future development of cinematic arts culture.

On December 28, 1895 the Lumiére Brothers debuted their Cinématographe at the Salon Indien du Grand Café on the Boulevard des Capucines in Paris. This marked the birth of cinema, and this year we celebrate the 120th anniversary of that occasion.

The Cinématographe was a film camera, a printer and a projector all in one. Movies are generally considered to have come about as a culmination of various inventions that emerged from the industrial revolution: inventions in the history of photography, in which actual items were recorded scientifically; in the history of optical toys that were moving picture devices using persistence of vision technology; and in the history of the magic lantern, which enlarged and projected images.

Focusing on such developments in the context of pre-cinema history and the history of photography, this museum exhibits daguerreotypes, ambrotypes, tintypes, and optical toys that produced the illusion of animation, such as thaumatropes, phenakistoscopes, zoetropes, and praxinescopes. We also have a collection of magic lanterns that represents the history of this device as well.

Movies became popular worldwide, beginning the history of mass media that brought moving images to multitudes of people. The Cinématographe arrived in Japan in 1897. The first exhibition of a film shot by a Japanese occurred two years later in 1899. Audiences were wild with enthusiasm for the performances of the first star of Japanese cinema: Onoe Matsunosuke or Medama no Matchan (“Eyeballs” Matsu). Long lines of movie-goers snaked out from the cinema box office. In those days entertainment was not as plentiful and diverse as today, and film reigned as the most popular entertainment.

Film’s attraction spread until it reached even the confines of private homes. Toy projectors made of tin were developed in Europe and North America and films made specifically for these projectors, as well as excerpts of theatrical films, were sold for home use. It was soon customary for the average household to enjoy films at home. By the time silent film reached its peak in the 1910s and 1920s, it was possible to manufacture high quality home projectors. In Europe and North America, the production of 35mm home projectors came to an end with the increasing popularity of amateur filmmaking around 1930.

Projectors for home use were imported into Japan in 1907. By the 1920s, cheap domestic versions were being produced that became popular among the general public as "home projectors" or "home moving picture machines." Theatrical films were also cut up and sold as “home movies” or “moving pictures for home use.” These were short excerpts around 20 seconds to 3 minutes long. These are what we refer to as "toy films". No doubt there are still individuals who can recall watching toy films at home as children.

This museum introduces many Western and domestically produced projectors manufactured between approximately 1900 and 1940. Visitors can enjoy handling these devices. In this age of the ephemeral digital image, the fundamental principles of film technology can be difficult to comprehend, but toy projectors allow us to advance the film one frame at a time so that even children can easily understand how moving pictures work.

In the 1930s, talkies gained momentum in the Japanese film industry too, and silent films without sound tracks became a thing of the past. Costly cellulose nitrate film stock could be recycled for its silver content; after WWII, it was destroyed as hazardous waste because it was highly flammable. As a result, pre-war Japanese cinema was scattered to the wind and vanished. The situation in Japan is such that young people probably don't realize that just a small percentage of films survive featuring actors like Bandô Tsumasaburô and Ôkochi Denjirô, swordfight film stars that were responsible for the golden era of Japanese film. Only very few films featuring Onoe Matsunosuke remain, although he made thousands over the course of his lifetime.

The percentage of film works that have been collected and preserved at the Tokyo National Film Center is 0.2% for the 1910s, 3.8% for the 1920s, and 10.7% for the 1930s. This is lamentable compared to what has been preserved abroad. Valuable portions of Japanese film history elude us. In addition to the reasons mentioned above, such losses occurred because of the fragile nature of the film material itself, Japan's high temperatures and humidity, fires in studio film storage units, natural disasters, and wartime losses. But it is also true that there is little awareness of the importance of film preservation among individuals working in film-related fields as well as the general public in Japan, where the focus is on the next new trend with little regard for preserving the past. In 1938, The International Federation of Film Archives (FIAF) was created to protect movies from the fallout of war, but Japan only joined the Federation 55 years later, in 1993. This gap of a half century is a clear example of the difference in awareness regarding film preservation.

Restoration of Japanese film began with the rediscovery and restoration of director Itô Daisuke’s Chûji tabi nikki (A Diary of Chûji's Travels, 1927) under the auspices of the National Film Center and Ikueisha, Inc in 1992, just one year before Japan joined FIAF. Nani ga kanojo o sô saseta ka (What made her do it?, 1930), directed by Suzuki Shigeyoshi, was the first film restored in the private sector after it was discovered in Russia. It is a representative work of the “tendency film,” socialist tendency films that depicted the early Shôwa period (1925-1989). Members of this research center were responsible for its restoration. The restoration was first shown in 1997 at the Kyoto Film Festival, the Tokyo International Film Festival, and eventually abroad.

In the process of carrying out this restoration, we began to sense a crisis in the state of Japanese film preservation; in 2003 we initiated the Toy Film Project in order to discover, restore, investigate, and research films. Since 2006, we have conducted film restoration and preservation workshops each summer. At this point, having continued such activities for many years, we have collected and restored about 900 films, We continue to enter their information into a database so that visitors can view the entries on a computer in the museum. We hold screenings of silent films with benshi narrators and live music, as well as lectures on related topics, workshops, etc., which all are welcome to attend.

We close with a request. If you have small gauge films such as 8mm films or Pathé Baby films, or film prints of any kind, by all means please contact us. We have the equipment and facilities here to view them and would appreciate the opportunity to examine them. We can also convert such films to DVD format. Be aware that if the film has an acidic odor, decomposition has already begun. Allow us to save these films before it is too late. Discovery of old films will help fill the gaps in the history of Japanese cinema.

The Mission of this Research Center

  1. 1Operating The Toy Film Museum as the headquarters of cultural outreach through the exhibition of film-related devices and images.
  2. 2Conducting "The Film Restoration Project," which is dedicated to film restoration and preservation; the investigation, research, education, and heritage of film-related archival materials.
  3. 3Conducting various related workshops, film creation, film festivals, film screenings.
  4. 4Sharing information of film-related content through the use of information databases and ICT (Information and Communications Technology).
  5. 5Nurturing the work of and supporting young film and media artists; sponsoring their technological instruction.
  6. 6Promoting exchange at film festivals abroad as well as information exchange, and supporting young film artists’ experiences abroad.
  7. 7Sales of optical toys and image-related goods; the import/export, design, and manufacture of image-related devices; and the consignment sales, brokering, rental, and sales of film works.
  8. 8Promotion of investigative research of filming locations and film-related historical venues, and tourism of those locations.
  9. 9Design, manufacture, and sales of publications and educational materials; the consignment sales and brokering of those materials.
  10. 10Other activities necessary to achieve the goals of this research center.

Join us as a member!

We are looking for individuals and groups who wish to support our activities as formal members of this organization. Please contact us for information and details.

Contact / 連絡先

MAIL
info@toyfilm-museum.jp
TEL
075(803)0033※お電話の受付時間は10:30~17:00、月・火曜は休館です。ご注意ください。
FAX
075(803)0034